Color Physics @Hampshire, Day 20

On Day 20, we covered two different topics.

We first discussed how reflection and refraction affect the saturation of pigments.

Reflection and Refraction in pigments from Seeing the Light: Optics in Nature, Photography, Color, Vision, and Holography by David R. Falk, Dieter R. Brill , David G. Stork. Wiley, 1986.

We then moved on to some basic quantum mechanics in order to explain why various pigments absorb and reflect different wavelengths. We used a simple model of atom energy levels of sodium. New concepts introduced included

  • Photons and their energy E=hc/λ
  • Quantized atomic energy levels
  • Energy levels of sodium
  • Emission and absorption spectra of gases

Sources: Nassau, Kurt “The Causes of Color,” Scientific American, October 1980, pages 124-154.