In the essay “Science, Art, and Play,” Erwin Schrödinger, a physicist and a Nobel laureate best known for his role in the development of quantum mechanics, presents a view of scientific inquiry and scholarly activity in general as play1. He reflects on the purpose of science and the role of science educators
… we are compelled to see the chief and lofty aim of science to-day, as in every other age, in the fact that it enhances the general joy of living. It is the duty of a teacher of science to impart to his listeners knowledge which will prove useful in their professions; but it should also be his intense desire to do it in such a way as to cause them pleasure.
While Schrödinger was speaking from a traditional paradigm in which knowledge is passed directly from a teacher to a student by means of lecturing, his characterization of science as play provides an apt metaphorical framework for the discussion of more modern approaches to teaching. Our job as educators is to show the students how to play, whether by modeling the scientific inquiry in classroom activities or engaging them in research projects. To this end, we should design courses built on goal-oriented, project-based activities through which students can explore on their own under the guidance of an instructor. When students are engaged in activities in which there is something at stake, they more quickly absorb and integrate new information into their pre-existing body of knowledge, and become better problem solvers. A good educator facilitates intellectually challenging experiences and provides opportunities for students to develop their communication and collaboration skills. Just as importantly, we have a task of breaking down our students’ assumptions about who can or should or is capable of partaking in the scholarly play.
The practical challenge for me has been finding the right balance between imparting factual knowledge and allowing for independent inquiry, which depends on the type of the course. In my 100-level courses I focus more on the importance of asking creative questions, the value of making mistakes and learning from them, and the experience of joy of investigation. I believe this is particularly important for attracting minority students who may think they are not “cut out” for science. In my 200- and 300-level courses, I focus more on building the body of knowledge necessary for addressing more advanced problems, strengthening students’ confidence in their ability to tackle these problems, and sharpening their skills for independent inquiry.
My experiences in the classroom have strengthened my belief that doing independent, creative, project-based work is the best way for students to maintain an interest in the material and master it.
SPRING 2020 COURSES
NS-0205, Physics II: Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism with Lab
NS/HACU-0243, On What There Is: Physics and Metaphysics (co-taught with Christoph Cox)
NS-0205, Physics II: Fundamentals of Electricity and Magnetism Spring 2019, ’20
NS-0113, Physics of Color Spring 2017, ’18, ’19
NS-0206, Modern Physics Fall 2018
NS-0338, Thermal Physics Spring 2018
NS-0103, The Science of Space and Time Fall 2017, 2018
NS-0208, Science in a Cultural Context Fall 2017
NS-0274, Linear Algebra Fall 2016
NS-0183/0383, Basic Physics: Quantum Mechanics for the Myriad Fall 2016
Physics 101, Einstein’s Century: Physics in the Last 100 Years Spring 2016
Physics 250H, Independent Study in General Relativity Spring 2016
Physics 302, Quantum Mechanics Fall 2015
Physics 108, Principles and Applications of Electricity, Magnetism, & Optics
Lab Spring 2014
Physics 106, Fundamentals of Electricity, Magnetism, & Optics
Lecture Fall 2012, 2015
Spring 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Lab Spring 2014, 2015
Physics 104, Fundamentals of Mechanics
Lecture Fall 2012, 2013, 2014
Summer 2013, 2015
Lab Fall 2013, 2014
WR100, Writing Seminar, Space and Time: Common Fall 2009, 2010, 2011
Sense & Beyond
SENIOR PROJECT ADVISING
- Max Adams, Learning through Optical Interference on a Budget; Building a Mach-Zehnder Interferometer. Hampshire College, 2019.
- Andy Cohn, Variability of Low Mass Stars. Hampshire College, 2019. (Co-Chaired with Jason Young).
- Ariel Kane-Ersig, Teaching Physics. Hampshire College, 2019.
- Sarita Shera, TJ Tiger and the Quantum Mechanics. Hampshire College, 2019.
- Andrew Davis, Food Neophobia and Disgust. Hampshire College, 2019.
- Doma Ghale, Evaluating fairness and transparency in decision models for predicting recidivism. Hampshire College, 2018.
- Jeremy Kirn, Topology and Logic. Hampshire College, 2017.
- Victoria Delano, Neurocardiology, Biofield Physiology and the Pineal Gland; Understanding Energy Medicine. Hampshire College, 2017.
- “What Does Physics Tell Us About Time?” SciTech Cafe. Northampton, MA. February 25, 2019.
- A visit to “The Bill Newman Show,” WHMP Radio, Northampton, MA. February 22, 2019. (Starting at 29:00 min)
- The Physics of Color, a workshop on the physical principles behind color perception at Gallery 263 as a part of the ArtWeek festival. Facilitated with the assistance of Mirela Kulović. May 5, 2108.
- I make occasional visits to summer programs for high school students.